New Publication: Autonomous Weapons Systems, Artificial Intelligence, and the Problem of Meaningful Human Control

By Dr Elke Schwarz

Abstract: In this article, I explore the (im)possibility of human control and question the presupposition that we can be morally adequately or meaningfully in control over AI-supported LAWS. Taking seriously Wiener’s warning that “machines can and do transcend some of the limitations of their designers and that in doing so they may be both effective and dangerous,” I argue that in the LAWS human-machine complex, technological features and the underlying logic of the AI system progressively close the spaces and limit the capacities required for human moral agency.

The article can be read in the special issue on “Military Technology and Armed Forces” of PHILOSOPHICAL JOURNAL OF CONFLICT AND VIOLENCE (PJCV). The whole issue is open access and available at